Hummels D, Schaur G (2013) Time as trade barrier. Econ Rev 103:2935-2959 The EU has entered into a preferential trade agreement with a number of countries. It is an agreement that establishes that no tariff is applied to a particular product when it is imported from a particular country. Wilson JS, Mann CL, Otsuki T (2004) Assessment of the potential benefit of trade facilitation: a global perspective. Working paper 3224. World Bank, Washington, D.C Mann CL (2012) Supply Chain Logistics, Trade Facilitation and International Trade: a macroeconomic policy view. J Supply Chain Manag 48:7-14 In order to test the impact of the development of transport logistics on non-ASEAN trade, we are conducting a simple linear regression of non-ASEAN trade compared to the one-year delay in air and sea services. As with the review of Hypothesis 1, we add up gdp per capita by one year and the one-year delay CL as a potential intervention variable for trade growth. As with the hypothesis 2 test, we analyze the hypothetical effect from the sample for the period from 2000. This paper is based on our discussion paper (Lai et al. 2015), which was then the first document in which theoretical hypotheses were used and tested with data from ASEAN countries.
We use macro-economic data that examines the links between domestic tariffs, international trade and the evolution of transport logistics with ASEAN countries. First, we check whether the reduction in tariffs between ASEAN member states has significantly increased intra-ASEAN trade, and then we check whether the development of transport logistics is a bridge between the growth of intra-ASEAN trade and the growth of non-ASEAN trade. Since the scope of study covers cross-border transport logistics, we measure the evolution of transport logistics using two modes of transport, namely maritime and air transport. Wignaraja G (2015) Regional Trade Agreement in Southeast Asia. Rougledge manual of Southeast Asian economies. Routledge, New York Devlin J, Lee P (2005) Commercial logistics in developing countries: the case of the Middle East and North Africa. World Economy 28:417-450 Table 1 summarizes the definition and explanations for each of the eight measures of a country`s transportation logistics for air and sea transport. We collect data on these measures from the World Bank, UNCTAD and ASEAN transport statistics; The exact data source of each measurement is shown in the last column of Table 1. Bottasso A, Conti M, De Sa Porto P, Ferrari C, Tei A (2018) Port infrastructure and trade: empirical evidence from Brazil. Transp Res A Policy Pract 107:126-139 Luck for service providers in the logistics sector will find more work than one of the first (planned) movers and as the facilitator of the establishment of a connectivity network within the continent.
Most logistics providers need to learn how to build and exploit the benefits of the African Continental Free Trade Area, setting a precedent for new companies that want to develop their base within the region Once you compete on a global stage, logistics becomes a new animal. All of a sudden, international trade agreements become incredibly important to your company`s livelihood. Free trade, fair trade, economic sanctions, economic embargoes, politics, etc. can affect your supply chain. In terms of logistics, trade agreements bring stability to trade. Whether you receive goods or send them internationally to a nation that has a trade agreement with your government, you know that certain provisions of the trade agreement must be respected. Stability is a good thing when it comes to the logistics sector.